Parliamentary Business Resources Act 2017 and Independent Parliamentary Expenses Authority Act 2017 Review


The framework under the Parliamentary Business Resources Act 2017(PBR Act) and the Independent Parliamentary Expenses Authority Act 2017 (IPEA Act) represented the most significant reform to parliamentarians' work expenses in 25 years. This framework was created in response to recommendations made in the report of the review led by Mr John Conde AO and Mr David Tune AO PSM to provide options for the creation of an independent parliamentary entitlements system.


In September 2021, the Finance Minister announced the independent review of the Parliamentary Business Resources Act 2017 (PBR Act) and legislative instruments, and Independent Parliamentary Expenses Authority Act 2017 (IPEA Act) and the legislative rules (together, the ‘PBR Framework’). Section 56 of the PBR Act requires an independent review of its operation every three years. Section 62 of the IPEA Act requires an independent review of its operation as soon as practicable after three years.

The Minister appointed the Hon Kelly O’Dwyer and the Hon Kate Ellis, to undertake the review in accordance with the Terms of Reference.


The independent review into the operation of the PBR Framework has been completed. In accordance with the PBR Act and IPEA Act, the report will be tabled in parliament by the Hon Ben Morton MP, Special Minister of State, in 2022.

Independent Reviewers

Ms O'Dwyer and Ms Ellis are former Ministers of the Commonwealth and both were members of Parliament prior to and during the operation of the PBR Act and IPEA Act.

The Hon Kelly O’Dwyer
The Hon Kelly O’Dwyer

The Hon. Kelly O’Dwyer is a non-executive director of Home Consortium Limited (ASX:HMC), HCW Funds Management Limited, as Responsible Entity of HealthCo Healthcare and Wellness REIT (ASX:HCW), EQT Holdings Limited (ASX:EQT), and Barrenjoey Capital Partners Group Holdings Pty Ltd. Kelly previously served in the Australian Parliament as a senior Cabinet Minister holding a number of key economic portfolios including Minister for Jobs and Industrial Relations, Minister for Revenue and Financial Services, Minister for Small Business, and Assistant Treasurer. She also served on the Cabinet’s Budget Committee (the Expenditure Review Committee) and held the portfolios of Minister for Women, as well as Minister Assisting the Prime Minister with the Public Service.  She was internationally recognised as one of the most inspiring and influential women of 2018 in the BBC’s 100 Women list. Elected at 32, Ms O’Dwyer was the youngest woman appointed to Cabinet, the first woman to serve in Cabinet in a Treasury portfolio and the only Cabinet Minister to have given birth whilst in office. Prior to entering Parliament, Kelly worked in law, government and finance and holds a Bachelor of Laws (Hons) and Bachelor of Arts from the University of Melbourne. Kelly is a member of the School Council at Caulfield Grammar School and a member of the Hospice Rebuild Capital Fundraising Committee for Very Special Kids, a charity that cares for children with life-threatening conditions and their families.

The Hon Kate Ellis
The Hon Kate Ellis

The Hon. Kate Ellis served in The Australian Parliament for 15 years as the Federal Member for Adelaide prior to her resignation in 2019.  She was a Minister in both the Rudd and Gillard Governments, holding portfolios including Early Childhood Education and Childcare, Employment Participation, Sport and Youth and the Status of Women. Kate serves as a non-executive director on the boards of the Adelaide Football Club, Drinkwise Australia, the Rare Find Foundation and the Adelaide Crows Foundation. She is a consultant to Raising Literacy Australia and currently Chairs South Australia’s Early Years Taskforce. In 2021 she published her first book, Sex, Lies and Question Time, outlining the experiences of women elected to Australia’s parliament.


The Reviewers gathered perspectives from interested parties, including current and former parliamentarians, Members of Parliament (Staff) Act staff and relevant agencies, on the operation of the PBR Framework. A Discussion Paper (PDF) provided information regarding the operation of the PBR Framework and a number of potential issues to help inform discussions and engagement with the Review.

Related content

Independent Parliamentary Expenses System Review Report 2016

Review Enquiries: Email:

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