General public services
The general public services function includes expenses relating to the organisation and operation of government such as those related to the Parliament, the Governor-General and conduct of elections; the collection of taxes and the management of public funds and public debt; assistance to developing countries to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development, particularly in the Pacific region; and contributions to international organisations and the operations of the foreign service.
It also includes expenses related to research in areas not otherwise connected with a specific function, and those associated with overall economic and statistical services and government superannuation benefits (excluding nominal superannuation interest sub-function in the other purposes function).
|Legislative and executive affairs||
||Ministerial departments and inter‑departmental committees classified to a specific function.|
|Financial and fiscal affairs||
|Foreign affairs and economic aid||
|General research||Research directed towards the increase in scientific knowledge or discovery of new fields of investigation, not connected with a specific function.||Research undertaken with a specific purpose in mind.|
|Government superannuation benefits||
Defence expenses support Australian military operations overseas and the delivery of navy, army, air and intelligence capabilities and strategic policy advice in the defence of Australia and its national interests. The defence function does not include expenses relating to the veterans’ affairs, superannuation payments to retired military personnel, Australian War Memorial and housing assistance, which are reported under the social security and welfare, other purposes, art and cultural heritage and housing and community amenities functions, respectively.
Public order and safety
Expenses under the public order and safety function support the administration of the federal legal system and the provision of legal services, including legal aid to the community. Public order and safety expenses also include law enforcement and intelligence activities, in addition to the protection of Australian Government property.
|Courts and legal services||Legal representation and advice on behalf of the government and others including: costs of crown prosecution, trusteeship services and law reform.||
|Other public order and safety||
Education expenses support the delivery of education services through higher education institutions; vocational education and training providers (including technical and further education institutions); and government (State and Territory) and non-government primary and secondary schools.
|Higher education||Administration, inspection, support, and operation of education programs leading to a university first degree, post-graduate degree or other higher qualifications.||Military colleges classified to Defence.|
|Vocational and other education||
||Apprenticeship schemes classified to Vocational and industry training.|
|Non-Government schools and Government schools||
|General administration||Running costs associated with the administration of the education function.|
|School education – specific funding||Programs that target specific initiatives or are designed specifically for the benefit of certain groups.|
The health function includes expenses relating to: medical services funded through Medicare and the Private Health Insurance Rebate; payments to the States and Territories to deliver specific health services; Pharmaceutical Benefits Schemes; blood and blood products; population health measures; and health education and training services.
|Medical services and benefits||
|Assistance to the States for public hospitals||Agreements with payments to the States to support their delivery of healthcare services.|
|Pharmaceutical benefits and services||Pharmaceuticals provided outside of hospitals.|
|Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health||Heath services to specifically benefit Indigenous Australians including services such as mental health, sexual health and hearing services.|
|General administration||Running costs associated with the administration of the health function.|
Social security and welfare
The social security and welfare function includes: pensions and services to the aged, assistance to the unemployed, people with disabilities and families with children; and income support and compensation for veterans and their dependants. It also includes advancement programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
|Assistance to the aged||Income support for aged people and their dependants, residential care for those aged people who are unable to live at home but who do not require intensive nursing care, and community care alternatives for those frail aged and younger people with a disability for whom long-term residential accommodation would be inappropriate.|
|Assistance to veterans and dependants||Income support and compensation, in the form of pensions, to veterans and their dependants.|
|Assistance to people with disabilities||Income support to people with disabilities as well as partners, parents and other carers of people with disabilities, assistance with labour force related transport costs, and services which increase the independence and employment opportunities of people with disabilities.|
|Assistance to families with children||Income assistance paid to families irrespective of whether anyone in the household is earning an income. Includes payments to households on a per child basis, and payments to children with a disability allowance.|
|Assistance to the unemployed and the sick||
|Other welfare programmes||
|Assistance for Indigenous Australians nec||Expenses that are related to advancement programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people which are not elsewhere classified.|
|General administration||Administration costs associated with the social security and welfare function.|
Housing and community amenities
The housing and community amenities function includes the Australian Government’s contribution to the National Affordable Housing Agreement, other Australian Government housing programs, expenses of Defence Housing Australia and various regional development and environmental protection programs.
|Urban and regional development||Administration, provision and support of the operation of overall community developments mainly concerned with the planning of new or rehabilitated communities with the aim of improving the quality of life.||Construction activity.|
Recreation and culture
Recreation and culture function expenses support public broadcasting, cultural institutions, funding for the arts and the film industry, assistance to sport and recreation activities, as well as the management and protection of national parks and other world heritage areas. This function also includes expenses relating to the protection and preservation of historic sites and buildings, including war graves.
|Arts and cultural heritage||
||Cultural activities intended for distribution overseas.|
|Sport and recreation||
|National estate and parks||Outlays on aspects of national estate such as historic houses and sites which are part of the national parks and wildlife services.|
Fuel and energy
This function comprises a wide range of fuel and energy expenses administered across a number of portfolios. It also includes expenses related to greenhouse programs and programs to support production or use of alternative fuels, including ethanol and biodiesel.
|Fuel and energy||
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Agriculture, forestry and fishing function expenses support assistance to primary producers, forestry, fishing, land and water resources management, quarantine services and contributions to research and development.
|Wool industry||Contributions to the wool industry for promotion, administration, market support, and research and development.|
|Grains industry||Contributions to the grain industry for promotion, administration, market support, and research and development.|
|Dairy industry||Contributions to the dairy industry for promotion, administration, market support, and research and development.|
|Cattle, sheep and pig industry||Contributions to the meat industry for promotion, research and development and control of cattle diseases.|
|Fishing, horticulture and other agriculture||
|General assistance not allocated to specific industries||General assistance not allocated to specific industries.|
|Rural assistance||Expenses for Government support of rural producers and rural industry adjustment initiatives, such as assistance to farmers through income support, interest rate subsidies, grants for structural adjustment, financial counselling, training and innovation grants.|
|Natural resources development||Water, land and forest management programs, and includes the Government’s contribution towards agricultural water resource management.|
|General administration||Running costs associated with the administration of the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing function.|
Mining, manufacturing and construction
Expenses under this function relate to the mining, manufacturing and construction sectors, and are designed to assist the efficiency and competitiveness of Australian industries. The major components include programs specific to the automotive and textiles, clothing and footwear industries.
|Mining, manufacturing and construction||
Transport and communication
Transport and communication function expenses support the infrastructure and regulatory framework for Australia’s transport and communication sectors.
||Radio and television broadcasting systems and water or air navigation aids.|
|Rail transport||Costs on planning, designing, constructing, extending and improving railways and associated structures such as:
|Air transport||Expenses on planning, designing, constructing, extending or improving airports such as:
|Road transport||Expenses on administration, regulation, support, operation, etc of road and highway construction affairs, road and highway maintenance affairs, both off and on street parking, and other road transport affairs and services.|
|Sea transport||Expenses on administration, planning, construction, regulation, operation, etc of sea transport facilities and inland, coastal and ocean passenger and freight sea transport affairs and services.|
|Other transport and communication||Costs of administering relevant programs in the transport and communication sectors.|
Other economic affairs
This function includes expenses on tourism and area promotion, labour market assistance, immigration, industrial relations and other economic affairs not elsewhere classified.
|Tourism and area promotion||
||National parks and wildlife services classified to Recreation and Culture.|
|Vocational and industry training||Administration, support, regulation, and the research of training programs such as apprenticeship schemes designed to facilitate entry into the workforce of people currently not employed or in need of retraining.||Training programs provided by TAFE institutions.|
|Labour market assist to job seekers and industry||Expenses to improve efficiency in the labour market by enhancing skills and productivity and meeting skill shortages and assisting job search activity.|
|Immigration||Activities of Government concerned with the management of migration and humanitarian programs, temporary entry, entry facilitation, compliance activity and citizenship.|
|Other economic affairs nec||
The other purposes function includes expenses incurred in the servicing of Public Debt Interest (PDI), general purpose assistance to the state, territory and local governments and other assistance to these governments not elsewhere classified. The function also includes items classified to natural disaster relief, the cost of asset sales, the contingency reserve, and expenses related to nominal interest on unfunded liabilities for government superannuation benefits.
|Public debt interest||Underwriting and floating of government loans and interest payments, including interest on government securities or under special credit arrangements with other countries, and any interest on behalf of states and territories.||Administrative costs of public debt management.|
|General purpose inter-government transactions||General revenue assistance to States and Territories including Goods and Services Tax payments, any other assistance to the States and Territories which are not elsewhere classified, any debt assistance to other governments, and financial assistance grants for local government.||Payments to and through the States and direct to local government for specific purposes classified elsewhere|
|Natural disaster relief||
||Mitigation activities associated with natural disasters|
|Contingency reserve||Allowance included in aggregate expenses to reflect the effects of future known events, which cannot be reasonably assessed at Budget time.|
|Nominal superannuation interest||Nominal interest on unfunded liabilities for government superannuation benefits.|
Source: Australian System of Government Finance Statistics – Concepts, Sources and Methods 2005 (ABS Catalogue No. 5514.0)