Ethics and Probity in Procurement
- It is not appropriate for a procurement official to seek or receive hospitality,
gifts or benefits from a potential supplier on the basis that all suppliers in
a process are making similar offerings.
- Tender process rules (such as in the request for tender and tender Evaluation
Plan) should not overuse the word “must”. For example, a requirement
that tenderers must provide resumés for all staff intended to work on
the contract could result in any tenderer that does not comply having to be excluded,
or the agency having to break its own rule to keep that tenderer in the process.
- Effective probity arrangements should not preclude officials undertaking market
research with potential suppliers before the approach to market is released,
but care must be taken to avoid the perception that any potential tenderer has
received information that provides them with an unfair competitive advantage.
- It is not always essential or advisable for potential tenderers to be required
to excuse themselves from participating in a tender for which they have either
previously assisted (eg. planning and scoping work) or have been previously contracted
due to a perceived unfair competitive advantage being gained by such potential
tenderers. Rather, agencies may seek, if possible, to take appropriate
measures to establish a level playing field for other tenderers (such as through
the provision of comprehensive information through physical and/or electronic
- Probity arrangements should not impose a barrier to ‘normal’ interactions
between the purchasing agency and the supplier in tender processes. For example,
potential suppliers in a tender process that are supplying other goods or services
to the agency conducting the procurement should not be impeded in providing those
other goods or services. However, those interactions should be limited to ‘business
as usual’ with all discussions and activities in relation to the procurement
being conducted in accordance with the rules for that procurement.
- Probity arrangements should not always automatically require that any questions
raised in a tender process must be published for all potential tenderers. While
questions of a generic nature should be provided to all tenderers, questions
that may disclose a tenderer’s Intellectual Property should be handled
appropriately (for example, by generalising the query), while maintaining the
need to treat all tenderers equitably.
- Officials need to ensure that probity arrangements do not create an environment
where probity becomes an impediment to sound procurement practices. For
example, probity arrangements should not seek to:
- exclude tenderers for not attaching a tenderer’s declaration - the
process should allow for such corrections;
- prevent officials clarifying a tender response in circumstances where such
a clarification could assist the Evaluation Committee in better understanding
what the tenderer is offering;
- mandate an inflexible ‘rating’ and ‘weighting’ approach
where numerical scores are entered into a predetermined mathematical formula
rather than allowing Evaluation Committees to use their judgement – the
evaluation methodology adopted should be appropriate to the nature of the procurement,
to ensure value for money is achieved;
- While external expert probity advice can be a valuable asset in a tender process, the appointment of such specialists, and the sign-offs provided by those specialists, do not remove the agency’s accountability for the process.
- To maintain fairness and transparency in a procurement process, the separation of duties is important. Officials involved in evaluation of tenders should not be those who are approving the proposal to spend public money (e.g. FMA Reg 9 delegates).
- Where external probity experts are involved in a procurement, officials should carefully consider, and test the merits on a case by case basis, of any ‘rules’ proposed by that probity expert that:
Where an external probity expert has been appointed to assist a procurement, officials should take care not to:
- insist on the probity experts signing-off on all responses to questions from tenderers – even when those questions/responses are of a highly technical nature outside the experience or expertise of the probity adviser; and
- insist on the probity experts attending all meetings with tenderers in circumstances where it could be appropriate simply for protocols to be put in place to guide agencies in their engagement with tenderers.
- seek probity advice on legal advice, and vice versa;
- avoid taking decisions and seek further advice when a course of action is clear, for example, a late tender is not allowed under Division 2 of the CPRs and further probity advice will not change that; and
- allow ‘weak’ advice (for example, ‘on the other hand’ or ‘arguably’) to form the basis of a contentious decision unless avoidable.
Contact for information on this page: Procurement Agency Advice
2 July, 2012